Photojournalism Study sparks global debate on photo ethics

Cover page of the study

Cover page of the study

CMC research covered by Time, the New York Times and Social Media

The recent publication of The State of News Photography: The Lives and Livelihoods of Photojournalists in the Digital Age has caused a great deal of debate in the industry worldwide. The study, which surveyed more than 1,500 professional photojournalists from 100 countries, gathered data about income, work practices, gender, risk, technology and dishonesty in manipulating or staging photographs. It is especially the latter that has stirred up debate with many photographers and scholars now engaging at times in heated fashion on what the rules of photography actually are in the digital era. The study was a collaboration between the University of Stirling, the University of Oxford and the World Press Photo Foundation and was led by CMC Senior Lecturer Dr Adrian Hadland

See the full report, free to download:

Two articles in Time magazine:
Coverage in the New York Times:
Coverage in Social Media:  Photo District News in the US ( and PetaPixel (
And, here is a statement on the methodology and its validity: